ASTM A53 Gr.B Pipes

ASTM A53 standard specifications

ASTM A53 / A53M Standard covers seamless and welded black and hot-dipped galvanized steel pipe in NPS 1/8 to NPS 26. The steel categorized in this standard must be open-hearth, basic-oxygen or electric-furnace processed and must have the following chemical requirements: carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulphur, copper, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, and vanadium. The tubing shall undergo a seamless or welding process. Tension, bend, and flattening tests shall be performed to make sure that it must adhere to the mechanical properties of the standard. The hydrostatic test shall be applied, without leakage through the weld seam or the pipe body. The nondestructive electric test shall be made to make sure that the full volume of the pipe must be in accordance with the standard. The purchaser shall have the right to perform any of the inspections and tests set forth in this specification where deemed necessary to ensure that the pipe conforms to the specified requirements.

1.1 This specification covers seamless and welded black and hot-dipped galvanized steel pipe in NPS 1/8 to NPS 26 [DN 6 to DN 650] (Note 1), inclusive, with nominal wall thickness (Note 2) as given in Table X2.2 and Table X2.3. It shall be permissible to furnish pipe having other dimensions provided that such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided and shall apply only when specified by the purchaser.
Note 1—The dimensionless designators NPS (nominal pipe size) [DN (diameter nominal)] have been substituted in this specification for such traditional terms as “nominal diameter,” “size,” and “nominal size.”
Note 2—The term nominal wall thickness has been assigned for the purpose of convenient designation, existing in name only, and is used to distinguish it from the actual wall thickness, which may vary over or under the nominal wall thickness.

1.2 This specification covers the following types and grades:
1.2.1 Type F—Furnace-butt-welded, continuous welded Grade A,
1.2.2 Type E—Electric-resistance-welded, Grades A and B, and
1.2.3 Type S—Seamless, Grades A and B.

Note 3—See Appendix X1 for definitions of types of pipe.
1.3 Pipe ordered under this specification is intended for mechanical and pressure applications and is also acceptable for ordinary uses in steam, water, gas, and air lines. It is suitable for welding, and suitable for forming operations involving coiling, bending, and flanging, subject to the following qualifications:
1.3.1 Type F is not intended for flanging.
1.3.2 If Type S or Type E is required for close coiling or cold bending, Grade A is the preferred grade; however, this is not intended to prohibit the cold bending of Grade B pipe.
1.3.3 Type E is furnished either no expanded or cold expanded at the option of the manufacturer.

1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.5 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, and 15 of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.
1.6 The text of this specification contains notes or footnotes, or both, that provide explanatory material. Such notes and footnotes, excluding those in tables and figures, do not contain any mandatory requirements.

This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

Scope

1.1 ASTM A53 / A53M Standard Specification covers seamless carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service (Note 1) in NPS 1/8 to NPS 48 [DN 6 to DN 1200] (Note 2) inclusive, with nominal (average) wall thickness as given in ASME B 36.10M. It shall be permissible to furnish pipe having other dimensions provided such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. Pipe ordered under this specification shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for welding. When the steel is to be welded, it is presupposed that a welding procedure suitable to the grade of steel and intended use or service will be utilized.
NOTE 1: It is suggested, consideration be given to possible graphitization.
NOTE 2: The dimensionless designator NPS (nominal pipe size) [DN (diameter nominal)] has been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as “nominal diameter,” “size,” and “nominal size.”
1.2 Supplementary requirements of an optional nature are provided for seamless pipe intended for use in applications where a superior grade of pipe is required. These supplementary requirements call for additional tests to be made and when desired shall be so stated in the order.
1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.4 The following precautionary caveat pertains only to the test method portion, Sections 11, 12, and 13 of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Types and grades:
Type F—Furnace-butt-welded, continuous welded Grade A,
Type E—Electric-resistance-welded, Grades A and B, and
Type S—Seamless, Grades A and B.

This specification covers seamless carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service
Sizes (Seamless): 1/2″ NB – 60″ NB
Sizes (ERW): 1/2″ NB – 24″ NB
Sizes (SAW): 16″ NB – 100″ NB

Wall Thickness available:
Schedule 20 – Schedule XXS (heavier on request) up to 250 mm thickness.

Additional Testing:
NACE MR0175, NACE TM0177, NACE TM0284, HIC TEST, SSC TEST, H2 SERVICE, IBR, etc.

ASTM A53 steel pipe Chemical requirements

ElementType SType EType F
(seamless)(electric-resistance welded)(furnace-welded pipe)
Grade AGrade BGrade AGrade BGrade A
Carbon max. %0.250.30.250.30.3
Manganese %0.951.20.951.21.2
Phosphorous, max. %0.050.050.050.050.05
Sulfur, max. %0.0450.0450.0450.0450.045
Copper, max.%0.40.40.40.40.4
Nickel, max. %0.40.40.40.40.4
Chromium, max. %0.40.40.40.40.4
Molybdenum, max. %0.150.150.150.150.15
Vanadium, max. %0.080.080.080.080.08

Test requirements for ASTM A53 steel pipes

Test TypesASTM A53 Pipe Test Details
Number of Tests RequiredSeamless and Electric-Resistance-Welded — Bending, flattening, tensile on one length of pipe from each lot of 500 lengths or less of a size.
Hydrostatic TestingHydrostatic inspection test pressures for plain end and threaded and coupled pipe are specified. Hydrostatic pressure shall be maintained for not less than 5 seconds for all sizes of seamless and electric-resistance-weld pipe.
Mechanical Tests SpecifiedTensile Test — Transverse required on ERW for NPS 8 and large. Sending Test (Cold) — STD and XS-NPS 2 and under XXS-NPS 1 1/4 and under.

ASTM A53 Hot DIP Galvanized Pipe Size 5 Inch Schedule 40 Galvanized Round Steel Pipe and Coupling for Water Pipe

Hot-dipped Galvanized

Sets standards for coating of pipe with zinc inside and outside by the hot-dipped process. Weight of coating must not average less than 1.8 oz. per square foot and not less than 1.6 oz. per square foot.

PERMISSIBLE VARIATIONS IN WALL THICKNESS

PERMISSIBLE VARIATIONS IN WEIGHTS PER FOOT

Plus or minus 10%

The minimum wall thickness at any point shall not be more than 12.5% under the nominal wall thickness specified.

Permissible variations in outside diameter

Outside Diameter at any point shall not vary from standard specified more than:
For NPS 1 1/2 and Smaller Sizes For NPS 2 and Larger Sizes 
1/64″1/32″ under1% over1%under

Tensile requirements

physical propertiesSeamless and Electric-resistance-weldedContinuous-Welded
Grade AGrade B
Tensile Strength, min., psi480006000045000
Yield Strength, min., psi300003500025000

Number of tests required

Seamless and Electric-Resistance-Welded — Bending, flattening, tensile on one length of pipe from each lot of 500 lengths or less of a size. Continuous-Weld — Bending, flattening, tensile
NPS 1 1/2 & smallerNPS 2 & larger
one / 25 tonsone / 50 tons

Hydrostatic testing

Hydrostatic inspection test pressures for plain end and threaded and coupled pipe are specified. Hydrostatic pressure shall be maintained for not less than 5 seconds for all sizes of seamless and electric-resistance-weld pipe.

Mechanical tests specified

 Degree of BendDiameter of Mandrel
For Normal A53 Uses9012 x nom dia. of pipe
For Close Coiling1808 x nom dia. of pipe
Tensile Test — Transverse required on ERW for NPS 8 and large. Sending Test (Cold) — STD and XS-NPS 2 and under XXS-NPS 1 1/4 and under.
Flattening Test — NPS 2 and larger STD and XS. (Not required for XXS pipe.)

Standard Weight

  • Single Random — 16′ – 22′. 5% may be jointers. If Plain Ends — 5% may be 12′ – 16′.
  • Double Random — Shortest Length 22′, minimum average for order 35′.

Extra Strong and Double Extra Strong

  • Single Random — 12′ -22′. 5% may be 6′ – 12′.
  • Double Random (XS and lighter) — Shortest Length 22′, minimum average for order 35′.
  • Lengths longer than single random with wall thicknesses heavier than XS subject to negotiation.

Materials and Manufacture

The steel for both seamless and welded pipe shall be made by one or more of the following processes: open-hearth, electric furnace, or basic-oxygen. The weld seam of electric-resistance welded pipe in Grade B shall be heat treated after welding.

Applications

ASTM A53 pipe, a standard specification for black and hot-dipped, zinc-coated, welded and seamless steel pipe, is used for mechanical and pressure applications as well as ordinary uses in steam, water, gas and air lines.

Note:

  • DN — Nominal Diameter
  • NPS —Nominal Pipe Size

Learn about ASTM A53 Grade A & Garde B Pipe Types and Dimensions

ASTM A53 is one of the most widely used material standards for Steel Pipe that used in the Oil and Gas and other process industries. Grade B of ASTM A 53 is more popular than other grades. These pipes can be bare pipes without any coating, or it may be Hot-Dipped or Zinc-Coated and manufactured by Welding or by a Seamless manufacturing process.

In Oil and Gas, A53 grade pipes are used in the structural and non-critical applications. They are not used in hydrocarbon services or any services that involve pressure and temperature.

Pipe Size and Types Covered in ASTM A53

Pipe size NPS 1/8” to NPS 26” are covered in this standard. This is equivalent to DN 6 to DN 650.

There are three types of pipes covered in this standard.

  • Type F – Furnace-butt welded continuous Welded Pipe.
    • Grade A

Type F Garde A type pipe is made by continuous coil, and the longitudinal joint is welded by forge welding. In this process, sets of rollers are used that create mechanical pressure to joined heated ends of the coil.

  • Type E – Electric Resistance Welded Pipe.
    • Grade A
    • Grade B

Grade A and Grade B pipes of Type E are made by continuous coil, and the longitudinal joint is welded by heat produced due to electric resistance between opposite ends of the pipe. In this process also, a set of rollers are used to join heated ends. The weld seam of Grade Bpipes is heat-treated after welding to a minimum of 540°C.

  • Type S – Seamless Pipe
    • Grade A
    • Grade B     

Type S  types of pipes are manufactured using the extrusion method.

Raw steel used to manufacture pipes is produced by open-hearth, electric furnace, or basic-oxygen method.